Born in the USSR of Jewish extraction she was a refusenik, campaigning to leave Russia. Imprisoned for her protests she was eventually exiled.
Thrown out of Iran, he lost his papers and was a refugee trapped in Charles de Gaulle airport where he lived for 18 years – and inspired a film.
A young factory owner in Poland during the war, he saved many workers from the Nazis at great risk to himself. He also saved his girlfriend and her friends. After the war he was restricted by the Communist regime.
An American diplomat’s wife, Penelope fought for the rights of the spouses of diplomats. She became internationally famous when her husband became a hostage in the Iran Crisis and was the scourge of two American presidents.